The Supreme Court will not consider a challenge to new federal death penalty protocols proposed by the Justice Department, which could clear the way for the government to resume executions as early as July for the first time since 2003.
The court, without comment, declined Monday to take up the lawsuit filed by four death row inmates. As is customary, it gave no reason. Justices Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Sonia Sotomayor indicated they would have accepted the case.
While this decision removes a significant barrier to resuming federal executions, it does not mean they will automatically proceed as scheduled. The individual inmates facing execution all could file additional challenges, which could impact when and if these sentences are carried out.
The Justice Department said Monday that the court’s decision would allow the executions to proceed unless a lower court blocks them on other grounds. But given the Supreme Court’s move, the department expects it would wind up with the same result, said Kerri Kupec, a spokeswoman.
An attorney for one of the inmates assailed the Justice Department for its push to execute the four men, linking the move to the ongoing protests across the country against police violence and racial injustice.
‘‘Even as people across the country are demanding that leaders rethink crime, punishment and justice, the government is barreling ahead with its plans to carry out the first federal executions in 17 years,’’ Ruth Friedman, the attorney, said in a statement after the court’s decision was released.
‘‘Given the unfairness built into the federal death penalty system and the many unanswered questions about both the cases of the men scheduled to die and the government’s new execution protocol, there must be appropriate court review before the government can proceed with any execution,’’ said Friedman, who represents Daniel Lee, the first inmate facing execution.
Attorney General William Barr had announced last summer that the department planned to resume executions using a new lethal-injection procedure that involves a single drug, pentobarbital. After the original timetable was scuttled by challenges to the new lethal injection procedures, the Justice Department laid out a new schedule, announcing plans to carry out three executions in July and a fourth in August. All involve inmates convicted of murdering children.
Lawyers for the death row inmates had challenged the new procedures.
A district judge said the government’s new protocol was inconsistent with the Federal Death Penalty Act, a 1994 law that requires federal executions be carried out ‘‘in the manner prescribed by the law of the state in which the sentence is imposed.’’
A panel of the US Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit in the spring ruled 2 to 1 that the executions could move forward.
Congress subsequently ‘‘signaled its intent to continue the same system — for federal executions to be carried out in the same manner as state executions,’’ Tatel wrote.
Washington lawyer Catherine Stetson, representing the four inmates, said in a brief to the Supreme Court that such a splintered decision deserved the justices’ attention.
‘‘In permitting the government to proceed, the panel majority flouted [Supreme Court] precedent and upended key principles of administrative law rooted in the separation of powers,’’ Stetson wrote.
Solicitor General Noel Francisco said the court should resist the request to review the lower court when ‘‘the ultimate outcome of the case is clear.’’