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    Voting Rights Act of 1965

    Section 2

    Prohibits voting practices or procedures that discriminate on the basis of race, color, or language.

    Section 4

    Establishes a formula for determining which areas would be covered by the mandate outlined in Section 5. Critics argued that the formula behind this section was outdated; the Supreme Court agreed and held it unconstitutional.

    Section 5

    Covered areas are required to get consent from the Justice Department before implementing changes that can affect voting. This section is rendered insignificant unless Congress agrees on a new formula to determine coverage.

    SOURCES: Department of Justice, news reports