Prohibits voting practices or procedures that discriminate on the basis of race, color, or language.
Establishes a formula for determining which areas would be covered by the mandate outlined in Section 5. Critics argued that the formula behind this section was outdated; the Supreme Court agreed and held it unconstitutional.
Covered areas are required to get consent from the Justice Department before implementing changes that can affect voting. This section is rendered insignificant unless Congress agrees on a new formula to determine coverage.
SOURCES: Department of Justice, news reports