HOOVER, Ala. — Near the heart of the civil rights movement, presidential hopeful Hillary Clinton rallied black Alabama Democrats on Saturday with a pledge to champion voting rights and accusations that Republicans are dismantling generations of racial progress.
Clinton criticized Alabama’s Republican governor, Robert Bentley, for closing driver’s license offices in 31 counties, many of them majority African-American. Alabama requires photo identification to vote.
‘‘This is a blast from the Jim Crow past,’’ she told about 700 people at a luncheon of the Alabama Democratic Conference, the largest caucus of the state Democratic Party.
Clinton also mocked Republican presidential candidates Marco Rubio and Jeb Bush for their opposition to restoring Voting Rights Act provisions struck down by the Supreme Court in 2013, and she chided Ohio Governor John Kasich for curtailing early voting in his state.
‘‘What part of democracy are these Republicans so afraid of?’’ Clinton asked. ‘‘I’ve won elections, and I’ve lost elections, but I sure feel better when as many people as possible show up and vote.’’
Neither her criticisms nor her positions were new. But the venue offered her a chance to champion voting rights to an important constituency.
Alabama is among almost a dozen states extending from Virginia to Texas that are scheduled to vote early in the nominating process in 2016. In a number of those states — Alabama, South Carolina, Mississippi, Georgia, and Louisiana — blacks could make up a majority or close to a majority of the Democratic primary electorate.
The front-loaded Southern schedule is actually a byproduct of Republicans’ domination in the region. GOP leaders wanted their constituents, nearly all of them white conservatives, to have greater influence in choosing the Republican nominee.
Southern black voters are a constituency Clinton has cultivated for decades and addressed effortlessly as she dropped local references into her remarks and spoke about people she had met in the area as far back as the 1980s.
Clinton invoked President Obama, praising his economic stewardship, along with that of her husband, Bill Clinton.
‘‘I’m not running for my husband’s third term or President Obama’s third term,’’ she said. ‘‘I’m running for my first term, but I’m going to do what works.’’