WASHINGTON — The FBI moved on Sunday to quickly complete an abbreviated investigation into allegations of sexual misconduct against Judge Brett M. Kavanaugh, even as Democrats demanded more information about the inquiry’s scope, warning that its apparent constraints could make it a “farce.”
As agents conducted their review, which involves interviewing four potential witnesses, a college professor in North Carolina became the latest in a series of former Yale classmates of Kavanaugh’s to accuse him of giving untruthful testimony by minimizing his use of alcohol when he was a student.
Chad Ludington, a professor, accused Kavanaugh of a “blatant mischaracterization” of his drinking in college. Ludington said he frequently saw Kavanaugh “staggering from alcohol consumption” during their student years.
“It is truth that is at stake, and I believe that the ability to speak the truth, even when it does not reflect well upon oneself, is a paramount quality we seek in our nation’s most powerful judges,” Ludington said in a statement.
He said he planned to tell his story to the FBI at its office in Raleigh, N.C., on Monday. A spokesman for the White House declined to comment on Ludington’s allegations.
Officials said the FBI’s “limited” supplemental background check of Kavanaugh could be finished by Monday morning. Set in motion late last week by three Senate Republicans, the inquiry was supposed to shed further light on accusations that Kavanaugh engaged in sexual misconduct during his high school and college years and help resolve the fierce national debate over whether he should win confirmation to the Supreme Court.
But the investigation’s apparent narrow reach has infuriated the judge’s critics, who said he should be subjected to a wide-ranging examination of his drinking and possible sexual misconduct.
The FBI was directed by the White House and Senate Republicans to interview the four people: Mark Judge and P.J. Smyth, high school friends of Kavanaugh’s; Leland Keyser, a high school friend of one of Kavanaugh’s accusers, Christine Blasey Ford; and Deborah Ramirez, another accuser.
Ford, a California university professor, has accused Kavanaugh of trying to rape her during a high school gathering, and Ramirez, a classmate of Kavanaugh at Yale, has said he exposed himself to her at a dorm room party. He has forcefully denied both allegations.
Ramirez has spoken with FBI agents, providing names of others who she said could corroborate her account, according to a person familiar with the matter who couldn’t discuss the investigation publicly and spoke to the Associated Press on condition of anonymity.
In testimony before the Senate Judiciary Committee on Thursday, Kavanaugh denied that he had ever drunk alcohol to the point of blacking out. But Ludington, a former basketball player at Yale, said in a statement that he could “unequivocally say” that Kavanaugh had “not told the truth.”
He said Kavanaugh had often become “belligerent and aggressive” while intoxicated during his first two years at Yale. Ludington recalled one incident in which he said Kavanaugh threw a beer in someone’s face, “starting a fight that ended with one of our mutual friends in jail.”
That description was challenged by Chris Dudley, a former NBA player and close friend of Kavanaugh who attended Yale and played basketball with Ludington. Dudley said he was certain that he “never, ever saw Brett Kavanaugh black out” from drinking, and “never, ever saw him act inappropriately toward any woman in the 35 years that I’ve known him.”
The dueling statements emerged as the political combat around Kavanaugh’s confirmation process intensified. Democrats lashed out over the size and shape of the inquiry, saying it threatened to become a sham that would deepen the country’s divisions about Kavanaugh’s nomination.
Senator Mazie K. Hirono, a Hawaii Democrat on the Judiciary Committee, said on ABC’s “This Week” that any investigation that limits whom the FBI can interview and which leads agents can follow would be a “farce.”
Senator Amy Klobuchar, a Minnesota Democrat on the committee, described what she called micromanaging from the White House: “You can’t interview this person, you can’t look at this time period. . . . “I mean, come on,” she said on CNN’s “State of the Union.”
Democrats were to some degree in the dark about the inquiry’s parameters. In a letter to Donald F. McGahn II, the White House counsel, and Christopher A. Wray, the FBI director, the top Democrat on the Judiciary Committee, Senator Dianne Feinstein of California, asked for a copy of the directive sent by the White House to the bureau laying out the scope of the investigation.
“If the FBI requests any expansion beyond the initial directive, please provide the names of any additional witnesses or evidence,” Senator Dianne Feinstein of California wrote in the letter.
It is not unusual for the White House to specify the scope of a request for additional background information on a nominee. No evidence has emerged that the White House has forbidden any investigative steps, and President Trump has said he wants agents “to interview whoever they deem appropriate, at their discretion.”
The Democratic complaints about the inquiry have stoked Trump’s anger at McGahn and Senate Republicans for how they have handled Kavanaugh’s nomination, according to two people briefed on the matter.
After Ford’s accusations came to light, Republicans on the Judiciary Committee invited her to testify. She riveted the nation Thursday as she recounted what she said was a rape attempt by a drunken Kavanaugh when they were in high school. The next day, three Republican senators — Jeff Flake of Arizona, Susan Collins of Maine, and Lisa Murkowski of Alaska — demanded the renewed background check before proceeding to a full Senate vote.
In a call to Senator Mitch McConnell, the majority leader, nine days ago from his Bedminster, N.J., country club, Trump unleashed an expletive-filled tirade, telling McConnell that he had let the process get away from him.
Trump told associates that the Republicans and McGahn had erred by not quickly holding a full Senate vote on Kavanaugh’s nomination on Friday, after the Judiciary Committee advanced it along party lines, according to two people briefed on the matter. The president said that senators like Flake who were wavering about the nomination should have been forced to vote against Kavanaugh and suffer the political consequences, the people said.
Publicly, though, Trump directed his ire at Democrats, accusing them in a tweet of playing politics: “Wow! Just starting to hear the Democrats, who are only thinking Obstruct and Delay, are starting to put out the word that the ‘time’ and ‘scope’ of FBI looking into Kavanaugh and witnesses is not enough,” he wrote. “Hello! For them, it will never be enough.”
Sarah Huckabee Sanders, the White House press secretary, denied on Sunday that the White House was playing any improper role in the process, saying that McGahn had “allowed the Senate to dictate” the terms of the investigation and that Trump would stay out of it.
People familiar with the investigation said Republican senators had developed the list of four potential witnesses for the FBI to interview and shared it with the White House.
Former FBI officials familiar with the process said agents are free to follow up if they find evidence of criminal activity. The rules for background checks require that agents ask the White House if they want to expand the scope of their investigation or interview other witnesses.
A lawyer for Ford, who testified that she was willing to cooperate with the authorities, said on Sunday that she had not been contacted by the FBI.
“We have not heard from the FBI despite repeated efforts to speak with them,” Debra S. Katz, the lawyer, said in a brief telephone interview.
Kavanaugh portrayed himself during a Fox News interview last week and in his Senate testimony on Thursday as enjoying a beer or two as a high school and college student, but not as someone who often drank to excess during those years.
A number of people who overlapped with Kavanaugh at Yale or at Georgetown Preparatory School, the Catholic high school he attended — and who contacted the FBI this weekend to share information about him or his fraternity — expressed frustration with the limited scope of the background investigation.
One of those people, Tad Low, who was a year behind Kavanaugh at Yale, said that he spoke to a low-level agent on Saturday but had heard nothing since, an experience repeated some other Yale graduates.
A Georgetown Prep classmate of Kavanaugh said he contacted the office of Senator Klobuchar to report concerns about what he saw as the judge’s dishonesty about drinking. The senator’s office told the classmate that his information would be passed on to the FBI, but by Sunday evening he had not been contacted by anyone at the bureau.
Senator Patrick J. Leahy, Democrat of Vermont and a member of the Judiciary Committee, said that accusations of heavy drinking were “directly relevant” to the sexual misconduct charges against Kavanaugh. He said, “If the FBI investigation isn’t artificially limited in scope by the president to become meaningless, it will have to look into these discrepancies.”
But Senator Collins, a moderate whose vote could determine Kavanaugh’s fate, said on Sunday that “I am confident that the FBI will follow up on any leads that result from the interviews.”
As Democrats tried to sound alarms that the White House may be constraining the FBI.’s work, One key Democrat member of the party indicated that if his party the Democrats won control of the House in November and Kavanaugh made it through the Senate, he would have no choice but to more fully investigate the claims against him.
“If he is on the Supreme Court and the Senate hasn’t investigated, the House will have to,” the lawmaker, Representative Jerrold Nadler of New York, the top Democrat on the House Judiciary Committee, said on “This Week.” “We would have to investigate any credible allegations, certainly of perjury and other things that haven’t been properly looked into before.”
Senator Lindsey Graham, Republican of South Carolina, said his party should open an investigation of its own into Senate Democrats’ interactions with Ford. He accused Democrats of leaking the existence of a letter she had written about her allegations and disclosing the existence of an additional unrelated anonymous accusations against Kavanaugh.