Former first lady Michelle Obama shared painful memories of growing up in Chicago’s South Side and gave a reminder to white people in attendance at the Obama Foundation Summit on Tuesday: ‘‘Y’all were running from us, and you’re still running,’’ she said.
Obama was talking about the white flight she experienced growing up in a South Side neighborhood.
White flight is when white people leave diverse or increasingly diverse areas and relocate.
The former first lady, whose mission was all about fitness during her time in the White House, said she noticed white families packing up their bags and heading for other parts of the city and state of Illinois to be away from black people.
With her brother, New York Knicks executive Craig Robinson, by her side, Obama said their family was doing everything they were supposed to do and sometimes better, ‘‘As we moved in white folks moved out, because they were afraid of what our families represented,’’ she said.
In 2010 Chicago had the fifth highest combined racial and economic segregation in the nation and the 10th highest black and white segregation, according to a 2017 study from Chicago-based Metropolitan Planning Council.
Chicago is now ranked the fourth most segregated city in the county, USA Today Money reported in July.
White flight reduced the city’s capital for schools, infrastructure and other community resources, something Obama noticed when she was growing up. She said she felt a sense of injustice because she could see and feel that people were running from families like hers as a child, remarking that she and her brother had friends of all races when they first moved in.
‘‘There were no gang fights, there were no territorial battles. Yet one by one, they packed their bags and they ran from us. And they left communities in shambles,’’ she said during her time of plugging the Obama Presidential Center to be built in the historic Jackson Park, according to the Chicago Sun-Times.
The former first lady said she’s still noticing patterns of white flight in Chicago, as immigrant families settle in neighborhoods.
‘‘You were running from us and you’re still running, because we’re no different than the immigrant families that are moving in, the families in Pilsen, the families that are coming from other places to try to do better,’’ she said to applause.
The city of Chicago, which is in the second most populous county in the country, is seeing an increase in its Asian and Hispanic residents and a decrease in white and black residents, the Chicago Sun-Times reported in June.
The first lady, whose appearance was criticized during her husband’s term in office, said differences in skin color and hair texture divide countries and are ‘‘artificial things that don’t even touch on the values that people bring to life,’’ she said.
In 2015 Obama gave remarks to graduates at historically black Tuskegee University, where she mentioned the racist assumptions of greatness and insults that she and her husband faced before and during his presidency. The uphill battle that the graduates would likely face because of their race was a ‘‘heavy burden to carry,’’ she said.
The negative and racist critiques the Obamas experienced still had a positive outline, she said at Tuesday’s summit.
‘‘Being the first black first family gave America and the world an opportunity to see the truth of who we are as black people: That we are just as and often better than the people who doubt us,’’ she said in a BBC video.