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Official testified Trump wanted Zelensky to announce probe to unlock military aid

George Kent. Erin Schaff/The New York Times

WASHINGTON — There were three words President Trump wanted to hear from the Ukraine president: Investigations, Biden, Clinton.

That’s according to the transcript, released Thursday, of an impeachment inquiry interview with career State Department official George Kent.

‘‘Potus wanted nothing less than President Zelenskiy to go to the microphone and say investigations, Biden and Clinton,’’ Kent testified. ‘‘Basically there needed to be three words in the message, and that was the shorthand.’’

Kent told investigators that that was his understanding of what Trump wanted Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelenskiy to say in order to unlock US military aid, based on conversations relayed to him by others in the administration who were in contact with Ambassador Gordon Sondland, who had a direct line to Trump.


Numerous current and former Trump officials have testified that the president was conditioning US aid on Ukraine publicly investigating political foe Joe Biden, Biden’s son and other Democrats.

Clinton, Kent explained, was ‘‘shorthand’’ for the 2016 US presidential campaign. It was a reference to Trump’s view, pushed by his personal attorney Rudy Giuliani but outside of mainstream US intelligence, that Ukraine played a role interfering in the election.

House investigators are releasing key transcripts from days of closed-door interviews in the impeachment inquiry as they prepare for public sessions with witnesses next week. A whistleblower’s complaint about Trump’s July 25 telephone call with Zelenskiy was the spark that ignited the investigation.

Kent had testified for hours in October about the shifting US policy toward Ukraine as administration officials and Giuliani were taking the lead, acting outside of regular foreign policy channels.

The career official began to understand that unless Ukraine took on the investigations Trump wanted, the administration would hold up nearly $400 million in military aid to the young democracy that relies on US support to counter Russian aggression.


Kent said he memorialized in writing the conversations he was having with other diplomats amid his concerns of ‘‘an effort to initiate politically motivated prosecutions that were injurious to the rule of law, both in Ukraine and US’’ The memorandum was submitted to the State Department.

He told investigators he was uncomfortable with what he was hearing about Giuliani pushing the investigations and Trump’s special envoy to Ukraine, Kurt Volker, engaging Ukrainian officials on the subject.

‘‘And I told Bill Taylor, that’s wrong, and we shouldn’t be doing that as a matter of US policy,’’ Kent said, referring to William Taylor, the top diplomat in Ukraine who has also testified in the inquiry.

Sondland had dubbed himself, Volker and Energy Secretary Rick Perry the ‘‘three amigos’’ with a mandate to take the lead on Ukraine policy over the career diplomats, Kent testified.

At one point, Kent said, Volker’s assistant, Catherine Croft, asked if anyone had sought investigations from Ukraine. Kent said he hoped the US had not, because ‘‘that goes against everything that we are trying to promote in post-Soviet states for the last 28 years, which is the promotion of the rule of law.’’

In one particularly unsettling scene, Kent describes mounting unease over Trump’s phone call with Zelenskiy.

Within days, he was receiving a readout from Lt. Col. Alexander Vindman, an Army officer assigned to the National Security Council who was among the officials listening to the call. Vindman has become a key witness in the House investigation.


Vindman was ‘‘uncomfortable’’ as he gave Kent the readout and unwilling to share much of what was discussed, even over the secure phone line between the NSC and State.

‘‘It was different than any readout call that I had received,’’ Kent said. ‘‘He felt_I could hear it in his voice and his hesitancy that he felt uncomfortable.’’

Vindman told him the tone of the Trump-Zelenskiy call was ‘‘cooler, reserved’’ and that Zelenskiy, a former comedian, had tried to turn on the charm.

He said that Vindman told him that ‘‘the conversation went into the direction of some of the most extreme narratives that have been discussed publicly.’’

The diplomats and national security officials weren’t the only ones concerned about the military aid being shut off to the East European ally.

‘‘Many senators, particularly from the Republican side,’’ called and talked to the president, he said. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell and Sens. Jim Inhofe of Oklahoma and Rob Portman of Ohio and were among them.

Kent also raised concerns about the Trump administration’s firing of Ukraine Ambassador Marie Yovanovitch and Giuliani’s ‘‘campaign of lies’’ against the veteran diplomat.

Kent, Yovanovitch and Taylor are expected to appear in the upcoming public hearings.

First to testify next Wednesday will be Taylor, still the top diplomat in Ukraine, who relayed in his closed-door session his understanding that there was a blatant quid pro quo, with Trump holding up military aid to Ukraine, a US ally facing threats from its giant neighbor Russia.


The diplomats are among those who have worked on Ukraine issues for years, and have expressed deep concerns about the Trump administration’s new approach, especially in the face of an aggressive Russian neighbor.

Kent testified that Trump initially did not want to sign a congratulatory letter to Zelenskiy on his election in May.

‘‘He actually ripped up the letter that had been written for him,’’ he recalled. By the end of the meeting, though Trump been convinced, and Sondland helped him draft a new version.

Associated Press writers Andrew Taylor, Matthew Lee and Matthew Daly contributed to this report.