7 billion world population figure raises concerns

UN leader says globe faces risk, opportunity

Nurses hold newborn babies in Sidon, Lebanon, Monday, Oct. 31, 2011. As of Oct. 31, according to the U.N. Population Fund, there will be 7 billion people sharing Earth's land and resources. (AP Photo/Mohammed Zaatari)
Mohammed Zaatari/AP
Nurses held newborn babies in Sidon, Lebanon, yesterday, the same day the UN Population Fund estimated there are now 7 billion people living on Earth.

LAGOS, Nigeria — Newborn twins have to share a bassinet in a crowded public hospital in Lagos that doesn’t have enough electricity.

“Where there is life, there is hope,’’ their mother said. But as the world’s population surpasses 7 billion, fears were stirred anew about how the planet will cope with the needs of so many humans.

The United Nations marked the milestone yesterday, even though it is impossible to pinpoint the arrival of the globe’s 7 billionth occupant because millions of people are born and die each day.


At Lagos Island Maternity Hospital, the strain of caring for a burgeoning population was evident. The droning roar of a generator could be heard throughout one hot ward, where it powered ceiling fans and incubators. While Nigeria is oil-rich, it does not produce nearly enough power for its more than 160 million people.

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Seun Dupe, a 32-year-old hairdresser who gave birth to the twins on Oct. 23, remained an optimist despite the staggering burden facing Africa’s most populous nation and other developing countries. Her babies spent yesterday squirming beneath a bundled-up mosquito net. She has yet to decide on their names.

Dupe was confident that new lives will ensure Nigeria’s future as “a great nation.’’

Nigeria’s megacity of Lagos is expected someday to surpass Cairo as the continent’s most populous.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said the day was “not about one newborn or even one generation’’ but “about our entire human family.’’


At a news conference in New York, he noted “a world of contradictions’’ — famine in the Horn of Africa, fighting in Syria and elsewhere, and widespread protests against economic inequality.

“Seven billion population is a challenge,’’ he said, and “at the same time, an opportunity, depending upon how the international community prepares for that challenge.’’

In South Africa, Nozipho Goqo, an unemployed 19-year-old from Johannesburg, gave birth yesterday to a boy, her first child. She gave him a Zulu name — Gwakwanele — that means “enough.’’

A nurse at Charlotte Maxeke, a sprawling teaching hospital that serves a large region in and around the city, teased Goqo that she was too young to know whether this would be her last baby. Goqo smiled and said she was sure.

Demographers say it took until 1804 for the world to reach its first billion people and a century more until it hit 2 billion in 1927. Soon the numbers began to escalate: 3 billion in 1959, 4 billion in 1974, 5 billion in 1987, 6 billion in 1998.


The UN estimates the world population will reach 8 billion by 2025 and 10 billion by 2083.

But the numbers could vary widely, depending on life expectancy, access to birth control, infant mortality rates, and other factors.

In Uttar Pradesh, India — the most populous state in the world’s second-most populous country - officials said they would designate seven girls born yesterday to symbolize the 7 billion.

India, which struggles with a deeply held preference for sons and a skewed sex ratio because of millions of aborted female fetuses, is using the day to highlight that issue.

“It would be a fitting moment if the 7 billionth baby is a girl born in rural India,’’ said Dr. Madhu Gupta, a gynecologist. “It would help in bringing the global focus back on girls, who are subject to inequality and bias.’’

Meanwhile, China, which at 1.34 billion people is the world’s most populous nation, said it would stand by its one-child policy, a set of restrictions launched three decades ago limiting most urban families to one child and most rural families to two.