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KATHMANDU, Nepal — As foreign donors and agencies pledged more than $3 billion in aid for Nepal on Thursday to support its post-earthquake reconstruction, the government sought to assure would-be contributors that the funds would be used effectively.

“We will share periodically the use of the funds to maintain transparency ,because you are accountable to your own citizens,” Prime Minister Sushil Koirala told an international donors’ conference in Kathmandu, the Nepalese capital, where most of the pledges were announced.

At least 8,800 people were killed in the earthquakes in April and May and a half-million homes were destroyed, making construction of housing a pressing need.

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India, which borders Nepal and quickly mobilized an emergency response after the first earthquake, was the single largest donor, with Sushma Swaraj, India’s external affairs minister, pledging $1 billion for reconstruction at the meeting.

New York times