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NEW DELHI — India released new data Friday showing more than 70 percent of its people live in villages, with the majority extremely poor and dependent on manual labor.

The data from India’s socioeconomic and caste census were collected between 2011 and 2013. It’s the first time India has studied caste data since 1932.

Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said the results would help the government channel its welfare spending to benefit those most is need of help.

India conducts a national census every 10 years, and the document delves into the wealth, living conditions, and other personal details of the country’s 1.2 billion people.


Associated Press