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WASHINGTON — When President Trump called President Rodrigo Duterte of the Philippines on Saturday, the US leader’s national security aides saw it as part of a routine diplomatic outreach to Southeast Asian leaders.

But Trump, characteristically, had his own ideas.

During their “very friendly conversation,” the administration said in a late-night statement, Trump invited Duterte, an authoritarian leader accused of ordering extrajudicial killings of drug suspects in the Philippines, to visit him at the White House.

Now, administration officials are bracing for an avalanche of criticism from human rights groups. Two officials said they expected the State Department and the National Security Council, both of which were caught off guard by the invitation, to raise objections internally.

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The White House disclosed the news on a day when Trump whipped up ardent backers at a campaign-style rally in Harrisburg, Pa.

The timing of the announcement — after a speech that was an angry, grievance-filled jeremiad — encapsulated this president after 100 days in office: still ready to say and do things that leave people, even on his staff, slack-jawed.

“By essentially endorsing Duterte’s murderous war on drugs, Trump is now morally complicit in future killings,” said John Sifton, Asia director of Human Rights Watch. “Although the traits of his personality likely make it impossible, Trump should be ashamed of himself.”

Administration officials said the call to Duterte was one of several to Southeast Asian leaders that the White House arranged after picking up signs that they felt neglected because of Trump’s intense focus on China, Japan, and tensions over North Korea.

On Sunday, Trump spoke to the prime ministers of Singapore and Thailand.

Duterte’s toxic reputation had given pause to some in the White House. The Philippines is to host a summit meeting of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations in November, and officials said there was a brief debate about whether Trump should attend.

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It is not even clear, given the accusations of human rights abuses against him, that Duterte, were he not a head of state, would be granted a visa to the United States, according to human rights advocates.

Still, Trump’s affinity for Duterte — and other strongmen — is well established. Both presidents are populist insurgent leaders, with a penchant for making inflammatory statements. Both ran for office calling for a wholesale crackdown on Islamist militancy and the drug trade. And both display impatience with the courts.

After Trump was elected, Duterte called to congratulate him. Later, the Philippine leader issued a statement saying that the president-elect had wished him well in his antidrug campaign, which has resulted in the deaths of several thousand people suspected of using or selling narcotics, as well as others who may have had no involvement with drugs.

Trump’s cultivation of Duterte has a strategic rationale, officials said. Duterte had pivoted away from the United States, a longtime treaty ally, and toward China. The alienation deepened after he referred to Barack Obama as a “son of a whore” when he was asked how he would react if Obama raised human rights concerns with him.

In October, Duterte called for a “separation” between the Philippines and the United States. “America has lost now,” he told an audience of business executives in Beijing. “I’ve realigned myself in your ideological flow.” He later threatened to rip up an agreement that allows US troops to visit the Philippines.

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Administration officials said Trump wanted to mend the alliance with the Philippines as a bulwark against China’s expansionism in the South China Sea. The Philippines has clashed with China over disputed reefs and shoals in the waterway, which they share.

Trump, these officials said, admires Duterte’s fierce words on fighting Islamist extremists who have terrorized the southern islands of the Philippine archipelago. Duterte once declared that if he were presented with a suspected terrorist, “give me salt and vinegar and I’ll eat his liver.”

The two leaders are also in tune on the need for a crackdown on drugs, even if Trump is not advocating Duterte’s brutal methods.

Beyond that, there is Trump’s instinctive affinity for strongmen.

Trump has also praised President Xi Jinping of China for his cooperation in pressuring the rogue regime in North Korea, even though Xi has cracked down on dissent and emerged as the most powerful leader China has had since Mao Zedong.

On CBS’s “Face the Nation” Sunday, Trump called Xi a “very respected man.”

Trump played host at the White House to President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi of Egypt, who had not been granted an invitation since he seized power in a military coup nearly four years ago.

During the presidential campaign, Trump vowed to pursue a warmer relationship with President Vladimir Putin of Russia. That effort has faltered somewhat because of persistent questions about links between the Trump campaign and Russian officials.

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Two weeks ago, Trump called to congratulate President Recep Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey for his victory in a much-disputed referendum expanding his powers, which some critics painted as a death knell for Turkish democracy.

Erdogan is due in Washington on May 16 for his first meeting with Trump.