SANAA, Yemen — The United Nations and more than 20 aid groups said Thursday that the Saudi-led coalition’s tightening of a blockade on war-torn Yemen could bring millions of people closer to ‘‘starvation and death.’’
The UN’s humanitarian chief warned a day earlier that unless the coalition lifts its blockade, Yemen will face ‘‘the largest famine the world has seen for many decades, with millions of victims.’’
The coalition closed all ports and halted aid shipments after Yemen’s Houthi rebels fired a ballistic missile over the weekend that was intercepted near Riyadh. Saudi Arabia blamed the strike on Iran, which supports the Houthis but has denied arming them.
The United States has also accused Iran of supplying ballistic missiles to the Houthis, charges denied by the rebels, who insist they produced the missile used Saturday on their own.
The coalition, which is allied with Yemen’s internationally recognized government, has been at war with the rebels since March 2015. The Houthis control most of northern Yemen, including the capital, Sanaa.
About two-thirds of Yemen’s population relies on imported supplies, said the aid groups, which include CARE, Save the Children, and Islamic Relief. Over 20 million people need humanitarian assistance, including 7 million facing ‘‘famine-like’’ conditions, they said. Food supplies are expected to run out within six weeks while vaccines will last only a month.
They urged an ‘‘immediate opening’’ of all air and seaports.
‘‘If I have to compare Yemen to a person, I would say that this person is very sick, this person is very weakened, and is being drip-fed, so if you want to keep the patient alive, we need to reactivate drip-feeding as soon as possible,’’ said Robert Mardini, the Middle East director for the International Committee of the Red Cross.
The blockade has already led to a fuel crisis in Sanaa, where hundreds of cars lined the roads Wednesday after the Houthis ordered the closure of fuel stations.
The rebels said they closed the stations after merchants refused to fix prices. The price of fuel has risen by 50 percent since the coalition tightened the blockade.
Yemeni officials also said those who need to be hospitalized abroad cannot leave the country.