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The international aid group Doctors Without Borders has released the first survey-based estimate of how many Rohingya were killed during the first and bloodiest month of a military crackdown that began Aug. 25 in Myanmar’s Rakhine State.

The organization said that by its ‘‘most conservative estimates,’’ 6,700 Rohingya were killed between Aug. 25 and Sept. 24, including 730 children under 5. Most are thought to have died from gunshot wounds, though some died in their burning homes and others after severe beatings. The figure does not include an estimated 2,300 Rohingya who died of nonviolent causes, including starvation and drowning.

The Burmese government’s official estimate is 400, and it maintains that 376 of them were terrorists it targeted in ‘‘cleansing operations.’’ The United Nations and United States have both used the term ‘‘ethnic cleansing’’ to describe the violence in Myanmar since August. Myanmar strongly rejects the allegation.

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Washington Post