scorecardresearch

Despite millions of refugees, Congo rejects UN aid effort

NAIROBI — When the United Nations hosts a donor conference this week to raise $1.7 billion for the violence-racked Democratic Republic of Congo, one important country will not attend: Congo itself.

The government of President Joseph Kabila will boycott the gathering, denying that Congo faces a humanitarian crisis at all.

It’s another sign of the increasing isolation of the government of Kabila, who has faced internal rebellion and international criticism for holding on to power in defiance of constitutional term limits.

The government’s increasingly bellicose stance comes as it has been blasting what it calls international “meddling.” Under intense international pressure, Kabila’s government will hold elections in December but has rejected any outside assistance at the polls.

Advertisement



“We do not agree with the way our friends talk about the Democratic Republic of Congo,” said Freddy Kita, deputy minister for international cooperation. “I’m in the Democratic Republic of Congo and a member of the government. There is no humanitarian crisis here.”

The United Nations says challenges to Kabila’s rule have caused a collapse of political authority, leading to fighting that has displaced 4.5 million people and left 2 million children severely malnourished. It has declared Congo one of the world’s worst humanitarian emergencies, on par with Syria and Yemen.

The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance organized the donor conference in Geneva on April 13 to make its biggest appeal yet for aid to Congo — including food, sanitation, shelter and education.

Kita said the calls for assistance are “a demonization campaign.” Congolese officials convened a separate meeting in Geneva with other African officials, asking them denounce the aid effort, according to a diplomat with knowledge of the matter. The other nations did not agree to the request.

Still, diplomats and aid workers say they expect the Congolese government’s opposition to make it harder for countries to agree to donate.

Advertisement



The United Arab Emirates has already said it would suspend participation if the Congolese government did not support the appeal.

Congo also threatened Swedish and Dutch diplomats who helped convene the donor conference, saying they did not consult their Congolese counterparts and warning of unspecified consequences if the European nations continued with the conference.

Christos Stylianides, the European Commission’s top crisis envoy, said in Kinshasa late last month that foreign assistance would be ineffective without local government cooperation. Donor nations have already pledged $171 million.

An appeal for aid last year fell far short as donors provided less than 60 percent of what aid agencies had requested.