ROME — Italy escalated its quarrel with France over migration Wednesday, challenging the bordering country to take in more asylum-seekers and demanding an apology after the French president accused the new Italian government of irresponsible behavior for refusing entry to a rescue ship with hundreds of migrants aboard.
Interior Minister Matteo Salvini chided French President Emmanuel Macron by name during a speech before Parliament’s upper chamber, while Italian news reports said a meeting between Macron and Italian Premier Giuseppe Conte planned for Friday now was in doubt.
‘‘I speak in the name of a government, but I also have the aim of speaking for a people who have nothing to learn from anyone about generosity, volunteerism, welcome, and solidarity,’’ Salvini, the leader of the anti-migrant League party, said to applause in the Senate chamber.
In other signs of the continuing clash, Italy summoned the French ambassador for consultations, canceled a planned meeting between finance ministers, and warned that diplomatic relations between the two European Union members had been compromised.
Italy has received both criticism and praise for turning away the Aquarius rescue ship over the weekend as it made its way across the Mediterranean Sea carrying 629 migrants. Rome says the rescue vessel’s passengers never were in danger and argues that other European countries must share the work of welcoming would-be asylum-seekers.
Two Italian naval vessels are escorting the ship to Spain after the Socialist government of new Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez offered the Aquarius safe harbor Monday.
The Aquarius and two Italian ships that took on some of the 629 passengers are expected to arrive in Valencia Saturday night, weather permitting, said SOS Mediterranee cofounder Sophie Beau, whose charity operates the aid ship. If the timeline holds, that would be a week after the Aquarius sought permission to dock in Italy.
Valencia is some 930 miles from where the vessel had been on standby.
‘‘It’s a relief for everyone, our teams, and of course above all for the survivors, to know that they are finally allowed to head to a safe port in Europe,’’ Beau told reporters in Marseille, France.
Lashing out at the French government, Salvini said France had taken in only a fraction of the 9,816 migrants it had pledged to accept under a 2015 EU relocation plan. The EU plan, which was intended to relieve pressure on Italy and Greece, has largely flopped, with only a handful of countries receiving their share of newcomers.
‘‘So I ask President Macron to pass from words to action and tomorrow morning, welcome the 9,000 France promised to welcome as a sign of concrete generosity and not just words,’’ Salvini said.
France has admitted 635 migrants under the terms of the plan, according to EU figures.
The line Italy drew with the Aquarius appeared to be a tactic by the populist government sworn in this month to force Europe’s hand at a summit of EU leaders in Brussels set for June 28-29.
Italy for years has complained that it has been left largely alone to manage Europe’s migrant crisis, but the new government says its firm stance has finally gotten the point across.
‘‘I think we’ve never been so central and so heard as we have been over the last hours,’’ Salvini told the senators, adding that sympathetic officials from Germany and elsewhere had contacted him to applaud his position.
Salvini also accused France of having turned back 10,249 migrants at Italy’s northern border since January, ‘‘including women, children, and disabled people.’’
The border crossing point at Ventimiglia has been the scene of protests and desperation for years as France refused to let in migrants, many of them seeking to reach family in France or Germany.
Austria’s conservative Chancellor Sebastian Kurz, who since December has led a coalition government with the anti-migration Freedom Party, proposed the idea Wednesday of an ‘‘axis of the willing’’ — made up of Rome, Vienna, and Berlin — to cooperate in tackling illegal immigration.
Salvini has accused European aid groups of essentially operating taxi services for Libya-based human traffickers and said Italy will now refuse their rescue ships entry.
Italian maritime vessels that have picked up Europe-bound migrants in the Mediterranean still are entering the ports; on Wednesday, an Italian coast guard vessel docked in Catania, Sicily with 932 migrants on board.
Still at sea were 40 migrants rescued by the US Navy vessel Trenton, which was in the Mediterranean for what the US 6th Fleet said was a routine operation. The rescue was first reported by German migrant aid group Sea-Watch, which said the Navy also had recovered the bodies of 12 people.
Sixth Fleet officials didn’t respond to requests for information about where the migrants would go, saying only that they were being provided food, water, and medical care.
Italy’s argument with France came after Macron on Tuesday blasted what he called Italy’s cynicism and irresponsibility in turning away the Aquarius. The French president’s office said France didn’t want to ‘‘start a precedent’’ that would allow some European countries to breach international laws and rely on other EU member states to take in migrants.
The French government spoke with a conciliatory tone Wednesday, when the Foreign Ministry said France was fully aware of the burden Italy has carried.
‘‘None of the comments by French authorities have questioned this, nor the need for a close coordination between Europeans,’’ a ministry statement said.