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Sudanese protesters demand ‘immediate’ move to civilian rule

Sudanese Christians from the Nuba Mountains gathered at the protest site near the military headquarters in the capital Khartoum on Sunday. The protesters demanded the country's military rulers "immediately" hand power over to a civilian government that should then bring ousted leader Omar al-Bashir to justice.MOHAMMED HEMMEAIDA/AFP/Getty Images/AFP/Getty Images

CAIRO — Organizers of the protests in Sudan that forced longtime President Omar al-Bashir from office held a second day of talks Sunday with the ruling military council after urging the military to ‘‘immediately and unconditionally’’ hand power to a transitional civilian government that would rule for four years.

Omer el-Digair, leader of the opposition Sudanese Congress Party, told the protests at a sit-in outside the military headquarters in Khartoum after Saturday’s meeting that the atmosphere had been ‘‘positive.’’ He said talks would focus on submitting the organizers’ demands and transition plan, and that they are calling for dissolving al-Bashir’s ruling National Congress Party.


‘‘We demanded restructuring the current security apparatus,’’ Digair said. ‘‘We do not need a security apparatus that detains people and shuts off newspapers.’’

Following the talks, an army spokesman said the military council had begun to overhaul the security organizations and that the political opposition would be allowed to name a civilian prime minister and Cabinet, but not a president. In televised remarks, Lieutenant General Shamseldin Kibashi also said the military would not break up the demonstrations that have continued outside the military headquarters.

These moves were unlikely to satisfy protesters’ demands for full civilian rule. The Sudanese Professionals Association, which has spearheaded the protests, posted a nine-point list of demands earlier in the day. The list includes prosecuting those behind the Islamist-backed military coup in 1989, disbanding all progovernment unions, freezing the assets of top officials in Bashir’s government, and dismissing all top judges and prosecutors.

The political parties and movements behind the four months of protests said in a joint statement late Saturday that they will remain in the streets until their demands are met. They said the hand-over to civilian rule would be the ‘‘first step toward the fall of the regime.’’

The army has appointed a military council that it says will rule for two years or less while elections are being organized. The council met Saturday with a delegation of protest organizers.


The military overthrew Bashir on Thursday, ending his nearly 30-year reign and placing him under house arrest in the capital, Khartoum. The protesters fear that the military, which is dominated by Bashir appointees, will cling to power or select one of its own to succeed him.

Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates meanwhile issued statements in support of Sudan’s transitional military council.

Saudi Arabia said it ‘‘stands by the Sudanese people’’ and called on all Sudanese ‘‘to give priority to the national interest’’ of their country. The UAE called on the Sudanese ‘‘to work for protecting legitimacy and ensuring a peaceful transfer of power.’’

Saudi King Salman ordered an unspecified package of aid for Sudan that includes petroleum products, wheat, and medicine.

In separate statements issued late Saturday, Saudi Arabia and the UAE specifically expressed support for Sudan’s transitional council formed by the military. The UAE said it welcomed the swearing-in of General Abdel-Fattah Burhan on Friday as head of that council.

Burhan assumed leadership of the military council the day after Bashir’s ouster after protesters objected to its being led by General Awad ibn Ouf, who was seen as being too close to Bashir. The military announced Sunday that ibn Ouf had retired.

In remarks broadcast on state TV, Burhan said Saturday the council has invited ‘‘all spectrums of Sudanese people for dialogue.’’


He said he was lifting the nighttime curfew imposed Thursday, which was to last for a month, and declared the immediate release of all those detained and tried during the wave of unrest that began in December.

Bashir imposed a state of emergency in February, banning unauthorized public gatherings and granting sweeping powers to the police in an effort to quash the protests. Dozens of people were killed in clashes between police and protesters, and hundreds were tried before emergency courts.

The protesters have modeled their movement on the Arab Spring uprisings in 2011 that swept leaders from power in Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, and Yemen. They have incorporated many of its slogans, and established a sit-in outside the military headquarters in Khartoum earlier this month.

Those uprisings left a mixed legacy, with only Tunisia emerging as a democracy. In Egypt, the military overthrew an elected but divisive Islamist president in 2013 and authorities have since cracked down hard on dissent. Yemen slid into civil war, and Libya is on the verge of another major conflict as militias fight for control of the capital, Tripoli.