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Gabriel Matzneff, who wrote for years about pedophilia, is charged

French writer Gabriel Matzneff in April 2014.
French writer Gabriel Matzneff in April 2014.Jacques Demarthon/AFP via Getty Images

PARIS — Gabriel Matzneff, the French writer who talked openly for decades about engaging in pedophilia, was charged on Wednesday in a Paris court with promoting the sexual abuse of children.

Matzneff, who has been in hiding in the Italian Riviera and did not appear in court, was accused of defending and justifying pedophilia through his many books and public appearances, according to the case filed by l’Ange Bleu, an antipedophilia organization.

The court set September 2021 as the start of the trial, which will scrutinize not only the author’s actions but also those of the French elite who published his books, promoted his career, and even helped him evade justice.

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“Everyone will have to take responsibility,” l’Ange Bleu’s lawyer, Méhana Mouhou, said after the hearing.

Matzneff was represented in court by his longtime lawyer and supporter, Emmanuel Pierrat, who is also president of the PEN Club in France, a writers’ association, and the secretary-general of a museum in Paris devoted to the fashion designer Yves Saint Laurent, who died in 2008 and was one of Matzneff’s benefactors. Pierrat declined to comment.

L’Ange Bleu is using a special legal procedure to force Matzneff to stand trial, arguing that its interests as an organization devoted to fighting pedophilia were damaged by Matzneff’s longstanding promotion of pedophilia. If convicted in that case, Matzneff, 83, could face up to five years in prison.

Although Matzneff is not scheduled to appear in court until next year in the case brought by the antipedophilia organization, he could face legal challenges sooner if prosecutors decide to charge him in specific cases of abuse.

Prosecutors, who have been criticized in recent weeks for their long inaction despite Matzneff’s avowed pedophilia, are moving on a separate track that could lead to more criminal charges.

They said on Tuesday that they would actively seek other victims of the author, and on Wednesday they raided for the second time the headquarters of Gallimard, one of Matzneff’s publishers, to seize more of his books and manuscripts, according to the French news media.

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Matzneff openly talked and wrote about pedophilia, but the dynamic changed after the publication last month of “Le Consentement” (“Consent”) by Vanessa Springora, the first testimony by one of the writer’s underage victims.

Fueling an abrupt cultural shift in France, the book touched off the sudden downfall of Matzneff, who was dropped by his three publishers, stripped of a rare benefit from the French government, and abandoned by longtime supporters.

As “Le Consentement” was about to be published, Matzneff left France to spend Christmas with friends in Rome, he said in a long interview with The New York Times, in which he asked that his exact location not be revealed.

Then, as the scandal broke in Paris and nearly all of Matzneff’s supporters ran for cover, Matzneff moved to a hotel in the Italian Riviera.

Matzneff, who said he did not know when he would return to Paris, will be compelled to appear at the start of the trial next year.

In many books, Matzneff writes about his relations with teenage girls in France and sex tourism in the Philippines with boys as young as 8. His breakthrough book as an author, from 1974, had the title “Les Moins de Seize Ans” (“Under 16 Years Old”).

As a transgressive figure rooted in French literary tradition, Matzneff appealed to many in France’s elite, in publishing, journalism, politics, and business.

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In the recent interview with the Times, Matzneff angrily defended himself, saying that he wrote about what many others did in secret, especially in the years following the May 1968 countercultural revolution.

“Even the silly things I might have done during those euphoric years of freedom, I wasn’t the only one,” he said. “What hypocrisy.”

In “Le Consentement,” Springora, now 47, writes that she first met Matzneff when she was 13 and he was nearly 50. When she turned 14, they became involved sexually for two years, according to her account and Matzneff’s own diary of the era, “La prunelle des mes yeux,” (“The apple of my eye”).

Springora writes that the relationship led to years of depression and other psychological problems.

In France, it was, and remains illegal, for an adult to have sex with a minor under the age of 15, although judges have broad leeway to decide what punishment, if any, to impose.

“I am who I am, in good and in evil,” Matzneff said in the recent interview. “My books are there. When I’ll be gone, they’ll judge my books.”