Here’s a review of some of the key takeaways from the Wells Report on Deflategate:
Who was implicated
■ The report found that Jim McNally, an officials locker room attendant for the Patriots, and John Jastremski, an assistant equipment manager for the Patriots, “participated in a deliberate effort to release air from Patriots game balls after the balls were examined by the referee.”
■ Patriots quarterback Tom Brady was found to be “at least generally aware” of what was going on.
■ Coach Bill Belichick, the rest of the coaching staff, equipment manager Dave Schoenfeld, and Patriots ownership were cleared.
■ Anderson couldn’t find the footballs when he exited the officials locker room before the game. Evidence and security camera footage show McNally, without permission, had taken the two bags of game footballs from the officials locker room into a bathroom at 6:30 p.m. He was in the bathroom for 1 minutes 40 seconds.
■ Alberto Riveron, a senior NFL officiating supervisor, oversaw the halftime measurement of 11 Patriots footballs and four Colts footballs after the Indianapolis equipment manager raised concerns during the second quarter. Two alternate game officials, Clete Blakeman and Dyrol Prioleau, each tested all 15 footballs. All 11 of the Patriots’ footballs measured under the league-mandated 12.5 PSI on both gauges.
|Patriots ball||Gauge 1 measurement||Gauge 2 measurement|
All four of the Colts’ footballs measured at least 12.5 PSI on one of the two gauges, except the final football on the final gauge, which measured at 12.15 PSI. It had measured at 12.55 on the first gauge.
|Colts ball||Gauge 1 measurement||Gauge 2 measurement|
■ Investigators hired Exponent, a scientific and engineering consulting firm, and Dr. Daniel R. Marlow, a physics professor at Princeton University, to spearhead the scientific aspects of the case.
■ Exponent found that the loss of air pressure in the Patriots’ footballs could not be explained by any “environmental or physical factors.” The firm accounted for temperature, weather conditions, football actions, functionality, and reliability of the gauges used, and human error.
None of the tests, according to the report, could account for such a “statistically significant” loss of air pressure, which was on average 0.45 to 1.02 less than the Colts’ footballs at halftime.
“This absence of a credible scientific explanation for the Patriots’ halftime measurements tends to support a finding that human intervention may account for the additional loss of pressure exhibited by the Patriots balls,” the report reads.
■ The firm found that a needle can be inserted to release air from 13 footballs in “well under one minute and forty seconds,” the time the report states McNally spent in the bathroom with the footballs after taking them from the officials locker room before the game. Exponent, however, didn’t definitively conclude “there was or was not tampering” based solely on its timing simulations. “The analysis of such data is ultimately dependent upon assumptions and information that is uncertain,” the report reads.
■ Exponent created the same game-day conditions that existed on Jan. 18 and ran experiments to try to achieve the same loss of pressure as the Patriots footballs. It didn’t happen. “Exponent concluded that the average pressures recorded for the Patriots game balls during halftime of the AFC Championship Game were lower than the lowest average pressures attained by the simulations,” the report reads.
■ Brady, who voluntarily spoke with investigators, denied any involvement and denied even knowing McNally’s name, his job title, or his pregame responsibilities. Jastremski disputed that, saying Brady in fact knew McNally and his role.
■ Brady refused to make his phone records, text messages, emails, or any other documents available for the investigation.
■ Jastremski’s phone records and text messages show that Brady spoke with Jastremski by phone six times in the three days following the AFC Championship after the two had not communicated for six months. The calls totaled about 55 minutes. Brady also checked in on him via text, “seemingly designed to calm Jastremski,” according to the report. Two of them read: “You good Jonny boy?” and “You doing good?”
■ Jastremski warned Brady that Schoenfeld, the team’s equipment manager would be “picking your brain later about it. He’s not accusing me, or anyone….trying to get to bottom of it. He knows it’s unrealistic you did it yourself …”
■ The reports cites text messages between McNally and Jastremski, and communication between Brady and Jastremski as the circumstantial lynchpins.
Who was interviewed
■ Sixty-six people were interviewed by investigators. McNally was interviewed once. The Patriots refused to make him available for a follow-up. Jastremski was interviewed along with 15 others associated with the Patriots.
■ Twenty-four officials, five ball boys, and two represenatives from Wilson Sporting Goods were also interviewed.
■ Notable: Brady, Belichick, Colts general manager Ryan Grigson, Ravens special teams coordinator Jerry Rosburg, Ravens defensive coordinator Dean Pees.
|Bill Belichick||Head Coach, New England Patriots|
|Jeff Bergman||Line Judge|
|Dean Blandino||VP of Officiating, NFL|
|Tom Brady||Quarterback, New England Patriots|
|Mark Briggs Director of Security||New England Patriots|
|Milton Britton||Kicking Ball Coordinator for Gillette Stadium, NFL|
|David Brocher||Ball Boy, New England Patriots|
|Rita Callendar||Gillette Stadium Game Day Security, Team Ops LLC|
|Gary Cavaletto||Field Judge|
|Akil Coad||Director of Football Operations and Compliance, NFL|
|James Daniel||Director of Game Operations, NFL|
|Scott Edwards||Side Judge|
|Richard Farley||Security Representative for the New England Patriots, NFL|
|Keith Ferguson||Back Judge|
|Paul Galanis||Gillette Stadium Game Day Security, Team Ops LLC|
|T. David Gardi||SVP of Football Operations, NFL|
|Brandon Gobbi||Ball Boy, New England Patriots|
|Corey Goldstein||Ball Boy, New England Patriots|
|Stephen Gostkowski||Kicker, New England Patriots|
|Johnny Grier||Northeast Regional Supervisor of Officials, NFL|
|Ryan Grigson||General Manager, Indianapolis Colts|
|Dan Grossi||Director of Event Security, NFL|
|Danny Harlow||Ball Boy, Indianapolis Colts|
|Kyle James||Ball Boy, Indianapolis Colts|
|John Jastremski||Equipment Assistant, New England Patriots|
|Mike Kensil||Vice President of Football Operations, NFL|
|Eric Kerzner||Senior Director of Labor Operations, NFL Management Council|
|Kevin Krysiak||Global Director of Innovation for Football, Basketball, Soccer and Volleyball, Wilson Sporting Goods Company|
|Danielle Lee||Former Employee, Game Operations, NFL|
|Wayne Mackie||Head Linesman|
|Phil McKinnely||Head Linesman|
|Jim McNally||Officials Locker Room Attendant, New England Patriots|
|Greg Meyer||Side Judge|
|Scott Miller||Former Manager, NFL Auctions|
|Brenden Murphy||Equipment Assistant and Ball Boy, New England Patriots|
|Kevin Murphy||General Manager, American Football, Wilson Sporting Goods Company|
|Berj Najarian||Director of Football/Head Coach Administration, New England Patriots|
|Scott Novak||Side Judge|
|Jack Osborne||Security Representative for the Indianapolis Colts, NFL|
|Dean Pees||Defensive Coordinator, Baltimore Ravens|
|Dyrol Prioleau||Field Judge|
|John Raucci||Director of Investigative Services, NFL|
|Alberto Riveron||Senior Director of Officiating, NFL|
|Jerry Rosburg||Special Teams Coordinator/Assistant Head Coach, Baltimore Ravens|
|Doug Rosenbaum||Field Judge|
|Dave Schoenfeld||Head Equipment Manager, New England Patriots|
|Brian Seabrooks||Assistant Equipment Manager, Indianapolis Colts|
|Jon Scott||Vice President of Equipment Operations, Indianapolis Colts|
|Steve Stelljes||Head Linesman|
|Jason Stone||Head of Facilities, New England Patriots|
|Zach Struck||Equipment Assistant, New England Patriots|
|Sean Sullivan||Equipment Manager, Indianapolis Colts|
|Tony Veteri||Head Linesman|
|Troy Vincent||Executive VP of Football Operations, NFL|
|Greg Yette||Back Judge|