Sports

Guide to 2016 World Figure Skating Championships in Boston

Ashley Wagner will be out for redemption when she makes her return to TD Garden.
John Tlumacki/Globe Staff
Ashley Wagner will be out for redemption when she makes her return to TD Garden.

Boston will play host to the World Figure Skating Championships for the first time in 2016. The last US city to host was Los Angeles in 2009.

It is the third major skating competition Boston has hosted since 2013, including the Synchronized Skating Championships in April 2013 and the US Championships in January 2014.

Ashley Wagner, who finished fourth at the US Championships in 2014, will be out for redemption when she makes her return to TD Garden.

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Dates: Wednesday, March 30 to Sunday, April 3

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Where: TD Garden

TV: NBC will air Saturday’s events, the rest is TBD.

Tickets: All-events tickets can be purchased here. Single-session tickets can be purchased here.

Schedule of events
Date Event Time
Monday, March 28 Practices TBA
Tuesday, March 29 Practices TBA
Wednesday, March 30 Short Dance 10 a.m.-3:17 p.m.
Opening Ceremonies 5-5:45 p.m
Men's Short Program 6-10:56 p.m.
Thursday, March 31 Ladies Short Program 12:15-5:53 p.m.
Free Dance 7:30-10:49 p.m.
Friday, April 1 Pairs Short Program 1:15-4:46 p.m.
Men's Free Skate 6:45-10:52 p.m.
Saturday, April 2 Paris Free Skate 12:54-3:53 p.m.
Ladies Free Skate 7-10:55 p.m
Sunday, April 3 Exhibition of Champions 2-4:15 p.m
Source: ISU

Defending champions

Men’s singles: Javier Fernández (Spain)

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Women’s singles: Elizaveta Tuktamysheva (Russia)

Pairs: Meagan Duhamel and Eric Radford (Canada)

Ice dancing: Gabriella Papadakis and Guillaume Cizeron (France)

List of 2016 competitors
A look at the athletes competing at Worlds, organized by country.
Country Men Ladies Pairs Ice dancing
Argentina Denis Margalik None None None
Armenia Slavik Hayrapetyan Anastasia Galustyan None Tina Garabedian-Simon Proulx-Senecal
Australia Brendan Kerry Kailani Craine None None
Austria None Kerstin Frank Miriam Ziegler-Severin Kiefer Barbora Silna-Juri Kurakin
Belarus None None Tatiana Danilova-Mikalai Kamianchuk Viktoria Kavaliova-Yurii Bieliaiev
Belgium Jorik Hendrickx None None None
Canada Patrick Chan, Liam Firus Alaine Chartrand, Gabrielle Daleman Meagan Duhame-Eric Radford, Julianne Seguin-Charlie Bilodeau, Lubov Iliushechkina-Dylan Moscovitch Kaitlyn Weaver-Andrew Poje, Piper Gilles-Paul Poirier, Elisabeth Paradis-Francois-Xavier Ouellette
China Jin Boyang, Yan Han Li Zijun, Zhao Ziquan Sui Wenjing-Han Cong, Wang Xuehan-Wang Lei, Yu Xiaoyu-Jin Yang Wang Shiyue-Liu Xinyu
Chinese Taipei None Amy Lin None None
Czech Republic Michal Brezina Eliska Brezinova None Cortney Mansour-Michal Ceska
Denmark None None None Laurence Fournier Beaudry-Nikolaj Sorensen
Finland None Viveca Lindfors None Cecilia Torn-Jussiville Partanen
France Chafik Besseghier Mae-Berenice Meite, Laurine Lecavelier Vanessa James-Morgan Cipres, Lola Esbrat-Andrei Novoselov Gabriella Papadakis-Guillaume Cizeron
Germany Franz Streubel Nathalie Weinzierl Aliona Savchenko-Bruno Massot Kavita Lorenz-Panagiotis Polizoakis
Israel Oleksii Bychenko None Adel Tankova-Evgeni Krasnopolski Isabella Tobia-Ilia Tkachenko
Italy Ivan Righini Roberta Rodeghiero Nicole Della Monica-Matteo Guarise, Valentina Marchei-Ondrej Hotarek Anna Cappellini-Luca Lanotte, Charlene Guignard-Marco Fabbri
Japan Yuzuru Hanyu, Shoma Uno Satoko Miyahara, Mao Asada, Rika Hongo Sumire Suto-Francis Boudreau-Audet Kana Muramoto-Chris Reed
Kazakhstan Denis Ten Elizabet Tursynbayeva None Anastasia KhromovaDaryn Zhunussov
Latvia Deniss Vasi?jevs Angelina Kucvalska None Olga Jakushina-Andrey Nevskiy
Lithuania None Aleksandra Golovkina Goda Butkute-Nikita Ermolaev None
Malaysia Julian Zhi Jie Yee None None None
Netherlands None Niki Wories None None
Norway None Anne Line Gjersem None None
Philippines Michael Christian Martinez None None None
Poland None None None Natalia Kaliszek-Maksym Spodyriev
Russia Maxim Kovtun, Mikhail Kolyada Evgenia Medvedeva, Elena Radionova, Anna Pogorilaya Tatiana Volosozhar-Maxim Trankov, Ksenia Stolbova-Fedor Klimov, Evgenia Tarasova-Vladimir Morozov Victoria Sinitsina-Nikita Katsalapov, Alexandra Stepanova-Ivan Bukin
Slovakia None Nicole Rajicova None Federica Testa-Lukas Csolley
Slovenia None Dasa Grm None None
South Korea Lee June-hyoung Choi Da-bin, Park So-youn None Rebeka Kim-Kirill Minov
Spain Javier Fernandez, Javier Raya Sonia Lafuente None Celia Robledo-Luis Fenero
Sweden Alexander Majorov Joshi Helgesson None None
Switzerland None Yasmine Yamada Ioulia Chtchetinina-Noah Scherer None
Turkey None None None Alisa Agafonova-Alper Ucar
Ukraine Ivan Pavlov Anna Khnychenkova None Oleksandra Nazarova-Maksym Nikitin
United Kingdom Phillip Harris Kristen Spours None Penny Coomes-Nicholas Buckland
United States Max Aaron, Grant Hochstein, Adam Rippon Polina Edmunds, Gracie Gold, Ashley Wagner Tarah Kayne-Daniel O'Shea, Alexa Scimeca-Chris Knierim Madison Chock-Evan Bates, Madison Hubbell-Zachary Donohue, Maia Shibutani-Alex Shibutani
Uzbekistan Misha Ge None None None
Source: ISU

Qualification requirements
To qualify for the World Championships, a competitor must achieve these minimum technical scores at an ISU-sanctioned event this season or last season. The score must come at least 21 days before the start of this year's championships.
Event Short Program/Short Dance Free Skate/Free Dance
Men 34 64
Ladies 27 47
Pairs 25 43
Ice dance 29 39
Source: ISU

Singles competition
A look at the required elements each competitor must incorporate in his or her routine.
Event Time Required elements
Men's Short Program No longer than 2:50 Double or triple Axel Paulsen; triple or quadruple jump immediately preceded by connecting steps and/or other comparable free skating movements; jump combination consisting of a double jump and a triple jump or two triple jumps or a quadruple jump and a double jump or a triple jump; flying spin; camel spin or sit spin with only one change of foot; spin combination with only one change of foot; step sequence fully utilizing the ice surface.
Men's Free Skate 4:30, +/- 10 seconds Maximum of 8 jump elements (one of which must be an Axel type jump); maximum of 3 spins, one of which must be a spin combination, one a flying spin or a spin with a flying entrance and one a spin with only one position; maximum of 1 step sequence; maximum of 1 choreographic sequence.
Ladies' Short Program No longer 2:50 Double or triple Axel Paulsen; triple jump immediately preceded by connecting steps and/or other comparable free skating movements; jump combination consisting of a double jump and a triple jump or two triple jumps; flying spin; layback or sideways leaning spin; spin combination with only one change of foot; step sequence fully utilizing the ice surface.
Ladies' Free Skate 4:00, +/- 10 seconds Maximum of 7 jump elements (one of which must be an Axel type jump); maximum of 3 spins, one of which must be a spin combination, one a flying spin or a spin with a flying entrance and one a spin with only one position; maximum of 1 step sequence; maximum of 1 choreographic sequence.
Source: ISU

Pairs competition
A look at the required elements each duo must incorporate into their routine.
Event Time Required elements
Short Program No longer than 2:50 Any hand to hand lift take-off (Group Four); twist lift (double or triple); throw jump (double or triple); solo jump (double or triple); pair spin combination with only one change of foot; death spiral backward outside; step sequence fully utilizing the ice surface.
Free Skate 4:30, +/- 10 seconds Maximum of 3 lifts, not all from Group Five, with full extension of the lifting arm/s; maximum of 1 twist lift; maximum of 2 different throw jumps; maximum of 1 solo jump; maximum of 1 jump combination or sequence; maximum of 1 solo spin combination; maximum of 1 pair spin combination; maximum of 1 death spiral different from the death spiral of the Short Program; maximum of 1 choreographic sequence.
Source: ISU

Ice dance competition
A look at the required elements each duo must incorporate into their routine.
Event Time Required elements
Short Dance 2:50, +/- 10 seconds 1 short lift; 1 partial step sequence in hold; 1 set of sequential twizzles; 2 sections of Ravensburger Waltz skated one after the other.
Free Dance 4:00, +/- 10 seconds Maximum of 3 lifts; maximum of 1 dance spin; maximum of 2 step sequences (one from group A, one from group B); maximum of 1 twizzle; maximum of 1 choreographic element.
Source: ISU

Scoring

There are two scoring panels: technical panel and judging panel. There are two scores: technical score and presentation score.

The technical panel reviews and scores each required element in a routine. With the help of instant replay, an assistant, and a controller, the technical specialist then assigns each element a base value.

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Those base values are passed off to the judging panel, which is usually made up of nine judges and a referee. The judging panel determines a grade of execution from -3 to +3 for each element. A trimmed mean — deducting the highest and lowest scoring before taking an average — is then used to determine a final score for the element before getting added to the base value given by the technical panel. The sum of each element score yields the technical score.

The judging panel also scores from one to 10 other program components such as skating skill, transitions and footwork, performance, choreography, and interpretation and timing. A trimmed mean is used to determine the average, which is then multiplied by a predetermined factor based on the event. The sum is the presentation score.

Judges can deduct points for music or costume violations. The referee deducts all other point violations.

The sum of the technical and performance scores is the final score.

Read more about the ISU’s Judging System here.

Point deductions
A look at the deduction values for each violation.
Violation Point deduction
Program time 1.0 for every 5 seconds lacking or in excess
Illegal element/movement 2.0 per violation
Costume and prop 1.0 per program
Part of the costume falls on ice 1.0 per program
Fall Singles: 1.0 per fall; Pairs and Dance: 1.0 for every fall by one partner and 2.0 for every fall by both partners
Late start 1.0 for start between 1 and 30 seconds late
Interruption 10-20 seconds: 1.0; 21-30 seconds: 2.0; 31-40 seconds: 3.0
Choreography restrictions 1.0 per program
Extra elements* 1.0 per violation
Music requirements* 2.0 per program
Tempo specifications* 1.0 per program
Dance lift exceeding permitted duration* 1.0 per dance lift
Source: ISU; *Ice Dance only

Music

Competitors must submit their music on a CD or MP3 at registration and include a backup. The length of the music, the competitor’s name and country must also be included. The volume of the music during practice or competition can’t exceed “85-90-dB Sound Pressure Level in any part of the arena,” according to the ISU.

Follow Rachel G. Bowers on Twitter @RachelGBowers.