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Rats suddenly surge in Boston suburbs

Long considered an urban scourge, rats are infesting well-to-do neighborhoods, startling residents and flummoxing local authorities.

Addison Weening harvested napa cabbage at the University of Vermont’s farm program.

Jessica Rinaldi/Globe Staff

In Vermont, students take to the farm for a fresh start

The University of Vermont’s farmer-training program is a six-month, seed-to-harvest, total-immersion course that turns neophytes into money-earning agrarians.

//c.o0bg.com/rf/image_90x90/Boston/2011-2020/2018/10/15/BostonGlobe.com/Metro/Images/Rinaldi15asianrally05-21707.jpg Question at center of Harvard trial: What counts as discrimination?

For at least 18 years, the admissions rate for Asian-American students at Harvard was less than that of white applicants and most other minorities. But is that actually proof of anti-Asian bias?

//c.o0bg.com/rf/image_90x90/Boston/2011-2020/2018/10/21/BostonGlobe.com/National/Images/TRANSGENDER_RECOGNITION_2.jpg Trump administration eyes defining ‘transgender’ out of existence

The Department of Health and Human Services is spearheading an effort to establish a legal definition of sex under Title IX, according to a memo.

In June, Governor Charlie Baker joined Attorney General Maura Healey in announcing a lawsuit targeting a maker and marketer of prescription opioids.

Lane Turner/Globe Staff/File

Baker gets praise for handling opioid crisis, but challenges remain

As the governor seeks reelection, even his fans identified shortcomings in confronting a catastrophe that no one believes is close to ending.

The Nation

Trump administration eyes defining ‘transgender’ out of existence

Demonstrators protested President Trump’s policies on gender identity in February 2017 in New York.

By Erica L. Green, Katie Benner and Robert Pear

The Department of Health and Human Services is spearheading an effort to establish a legal definition of sex under Title IX, according to a memo.

John Bolton faces tense talks with Russia over nuclear treaty

President Trump says Russia has violated terms of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty negotiated by the Reagan administration.

By Jim Heintz

The announcement that the US would leave the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces treaty brought sharp criticism from Russian officials and from former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev.

Mueller digs for Roger Stone’s connections to WikiLeaks

Did Roger Stone, a longtime Trump adviser, have advance knowledge of the site’s plans to release hacked Democratic e-mails in 2016?

By Carol D. Leonnig, Manuel Roig-Franzia and Rosalind S. Helderman

Did Stone, a longtime Trump adviser, have advance knowledge of the site’s plans to release hacked Democratic e-mails in 2016?

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POLITICAL NOTEBOOK

Latinos not all sold on Democrats

By wire services

Police officer in Georgia is fatally shot on duty

By Jacey Fortin and Melissa Gomez

The World

‘No one will stop us, only God’: migrant caravan resumes advance toward US

Honduran migrants crossed the Suchiate River between Guatemala and Mexico on Sunday. In dozens of interviews, migrants have said they are fleeing widespread violence, poverty, and corruption in their country.

By Mark Stevenson

They marched on through Mexico like a ragtag army of the poor, shouting triumphantly slogans like ‘‘Si se pudo!’’ or ‘‘Yes, we could!’’

Jordan reclaims lands used by Israel under peace treaty

The announcement by King Abdullah II of Jordan caught Israelis off-guard.

By Isabel Kershner and Rana F. Sweis

Since 1994, Israeli farmers and tourists have enjoyed the fruits and picturesque attractions of the areas.

Ambush in Philippines kills farmers occupying plantation land

By Jason Gutierrez

Armed men opened fire on a group of sugar cane farmers who were occupying part of a plantation in the central Philippines, killing nine, and then set three of the bodies on fire, police said Sunday.

Editorial & Opinion

Editorial

In Jamal Khashoggi case, US must act like the leader of the free world it once called itself

Now that the Saudi government has admitted to its role in Jamal Khashoggi’s death, the US must hold the murderous regime accountable.

Writing the truth about Saudi Arabia killed Khashoggi. Now that the Saudi government has admitted to its role, the US must hold the murderous regime accountable.

Alex Beam

Michael Collins: The lucky, grumpy astronaut

 The astronaut crew of the Apollo 11 lunar landing mission included (from left) Neil A. Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr.

By Alex Beam

Collins is the Apollo 11 astronaut who famously did not set foot on the moon.

Opinion | Karyn Polito, Joseph P. Kennedy II, and Jeffrey Leiden

We need to train more women and minority students for careers in STEM

Students in middle school and above are invited to learn about robotics and STEM related careers at MassRobotics.

By Karyn Polito, Joseph P. Kennedy III and Jeffrey Leiden

There’s a shortage of female and minority students studying for careers in science, technology, engineering, and math.

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Opinion | Niall Ferguson

The week identity politics ate itself

By Niall Ferguson

Opinion | Gail Deegan and Beth Boland

As California bolts ahead, Mass. needs to catch up on boardroom diversity

By Gail Deegan and Beth Boland

Opinion | Kaelea Severino

I’m aiming high with STEM

By Kaelea Severino

Opinion | Geoff Rose

STEM helps narrow the opportunity gap

By Geoff Rose

Metro

As Democrat seizes on national headwinds, a Republican seeks to avoid the ‘D.C. circus’

Republican Rick Green campaigned last week at the Littleton Cafe. Green has made the opioid crisis an intense focus of his campaign.

By Matt Stout

Rick Green has sought to insulate his campaign in the Third Congressional District from the daily news out of Washington — a difficult task as Lori Trahan and Democrats sew national calls of resistance into her pitch as a locally grown candidate.

Left in cold by VA medical center, homeless veteran finds kindness in strangers

Navy veteran Norman Franks spent four months in a cramped tent in a campsite on the grounds of Hanscom Air Force Base.

By Brian MacQuarrie

Members of an American Legion post, volunteers from a Catholic parish, even a congressman’s staff all felt obliged to aid former sailor Norman Franks.

In Vermont, students take to the farm for a fresh start

Addison Weening harvested napa cabbage at the University of Vermont’s farm program.

By Brian MacQuarrie

The University of Vermont’s farmer-training program is a six-month, seed-to-harvest, total-immersion course that turns neophytes into money-earning agrarians.

Business & Tech

Evan Horowitz | Quick Study

The biggest barrier to President Trump’s plan for cutting the trade deficit? It’s Trump

A strong dollar is making US goods more expensive overseas, and foreign goods cheaper here at home.

By Evan Horowitz

It’s the tax cutter versus the anti-free-trade crusader, and so far the cuts are winning.

In corporate America, pregnancy discrimination can come with high stakes

Ceeadria Walker had a miscarriage while working at an XPO warehouse in Southaven, Miss.

By Jessica Silver-Greenberg and Natalie Kitroeff

Pregnancy discrimination is widespread in corporate America.

STAT

Study questions African-American enrollment rates in clinical trials that don’t require consent

By Ike Swetlitz

The large number of African-Americans in studies exempted from typical consent requirements contrasts with their low participation rates in some other kinds of trials.

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Obituaries

Gerald Schuster, 89; was a developer, political fund-raiser, philanthropist

Mr. Schuster and his wife, Elaine, at their 65th wedding anniversary celebration in 2017.

By Bryan Marquard and Jeremy C. Fox

Mr. Schuster and his wife, Elaine, were an inseparable couple whose fund-raising was essential to the success of generations of Democratic candidates.

Charles Wang, former New York Islanders owner, dies at 74

Mr. Wang was credited by NHL commissioner Gary Bettman for creating a program that took ice hockey to China.

Mr. Wang, a technology company founder, had attended only one hockey game before buying the team for almost $190 million in 2000.

Dick Modzelewski, member of NFL’s first celebrated defensive line, dies at 87

Mr. Modzelewski won the 1956 NFL title with the Giants. When he retired after 14 seasons in the NFL, he had played in a league-record 180 consecutive games.

By Richard Goldstein

The New York Giants’ tackle played on the line that transformed defensive players into glamorous pro football figures during the team’s glory years of the late 1950s and early ’60s.

Sports

CHRISTOPHER L. GASPER

Adjusting on the fly? Now that’s the Patriot way

Chicago, IL - 10/21/2018 - (2nd quarter) New England Patriots quarterback Tom Brady (12) carries the ball during the second quarter. New England Patriots vs. Chicago Bears at Soldier Field. - (Barry Chin/Globe Staff), Section: Sports, Reporter: Ben Volin, Topic: 21Patriots-Bears, LOID: 8.4.3538702313.

By Christopher L. Gasper

The Patriots found a way despite missing Rob Gronkowski all game and Sony Michel for most of it.

TARA SULLIVAN

For the Kimbrels, the only save that truly mattered came in March

Red Sox manager Alex Cora was supportive throughout Craig Kimbrel’s family plight in March, and quick to embrace his closer following the ALCS Game 5 clincher in Houston.

By Tara Sullivan

Craig Kimbrel and wife Ashley stood by as their 4-month-old daughter battled a congenital heart condition that necessitated multiple major surgeries. Lydia Joy Kimbrel will be a year old in 13 days.

Ben Volin | On Football

Unusually mediocre all season, Patriots’ special teams were the difference

Chicago, IL - 10/21/2018 - (3rd quarter) New England Patriots linebacker Kyle Van Noy (53) celebrates his return of a blocked punt for a touchdown during the third quarter. New England Patriots vs. Chicago Bears at Soldier Field. - (Barry Chin/Globe Staff), Section: Sports, Reporter: Ben Volin, Topic: 21Patriots-Bears, LOID: 8.4.3538702313.

By Ben Volin

The Patriots scored two touchdowns on special teams, one on a kickoff return and the other a game-changing blocked punt.

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RED SOX NOTEBOOK

Steven Wright may be added to World Series roster

By Peter Abraham

HIGH SCHOOL FOOTBALL

MIAA football playoff seeds and first-round matchups

By Dan Shulman

Gary Washburn | on basketball

In their first week, Celtics search for offensive rhythm

By Gary Washburn

MIAA FOOTBALL TOURNAMENT

The tournament phase of 2018 football season set for kickoff

By Dan Shulman

College football notebook

Clemson climbs back to No. 2 in AP Top 25

PANTHERS 21, EAGLES 17

Cam Newton, Panthers erase 17-point deficit to beat Eagles

By Rob Maaddi