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Greece reaches agreement on bailout loans

School guards protesting job cuts hung banners from Athens City Hall Tuesday that said “No to layoffs.” They are among the public sector workers facing cuts by the government.

Thanassis Stavrajus/Associated press

School guards protesting job cuts hung banners from Athens City Hall Tuesday that said “No to layoffs.” They are among the public sector workers facing cuts by the government.

ATHENS — Greece concluded seven months of tortuous negotiations with its international debt inspectors Tuesday, reaching a deal that will allow it to access a long-delayed rescue loan installment.

The deal does not require Greece to impose new austerity policies, Prime Minister Antonis Samaras insisted, as he outlined a series of relief measures for the most needy.

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‘‘Today a long period of tribulations has ended, and a new beginning is being made,’’ Samaras said.

Greece has depended on its bailout from other European countries and the International Monetary Fund since mid-2010. Payment of the rescue loans depends on the country meeting criteria in spending cuts, tax increases, and reforms. Greece’s progress in meeting the targets is reviewed regularly by the debt inspectors.

Greece began this latest round of negotiations in September. Talks had snagged on several issues, including public sector firings and market reforms.

‘‘These were seven very, very difficult months,’’ said Finance Minister Yannis Stournaras, adding that the text of the agreement was still being written.

Neither he nor Samaras made any mention of public sector firings or reports the government was under pressure to allow companies to carry out mass job cuts.

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Nor did they refer to contentious market reforms, including a proposal to allow supermarkets to sell nonprescription medication.

Samaras instead outlined a series of relief measures, including $695 million to be distributed to help more than 1 million needy Greeks, including security forces personnel on monthly salaries of about $2,000.

Other measures were cuts in social security contributions for both employers and employees to encourage hiring. Greece’s unemployment stands at 27.5 percent, the highest in the European Union.

The prime minister also said $27 million would be given to services that care for the homeless, while an additional $1.39 billion would go toward paying off the state’s internal debts — for goods and services received from the Greek private sector.

‘‘Of course, the effort continues,’’ Samaras said. ‘‘We will become a modern European economy. A new Greece.’’

The austerity measures Greece has announced over a series of years have led to a backlash from labor unions, which have staged repeated strikes in protest.

Civil servants were scheduled to begin a 48-hour nationwide strike Wednesday, while Greece’s largest union has called for a general strike on April 9.

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