PHOENIX — Gay marriage proponents marked another victory Thursday after the Supreme Court rejected appeals from Arizona and Nevada involving the rights of same-sex couples.
The justices let stand an appeals court ruling striking down an Arizona law that made state employees in same-sex relationships ineligible for domestic partner benefits. The Nevada case was a challenge to the state’s ban on same-sex marriage.
The court’s actions came amid a landmark week for gay rights. The Supreme Court issued rulings Wednesday that struck down a provision of a federal law that denied federal benefits to married gay couples and also cleared the way for state laws that recognize marriage equality.
Republican Governor Jan Brewer denied Thursday that Arizona had targeted gay couples and slammed the court for not recognizing the state’s need to balance its budget by limiting employee benefits.
‘‘This case has never been about domestic partners, same-sex or otherwise,’’ Brewer said in a statement. ‘‘It is always been about the authority of elected state officials to make decisions with which we have been entrusted by the voters.’’
Arizona’s constitution bans gay marriage and a 2009 law signed by Brewer repealed domestic partner benefits for state workers. Brewer said the state was in a fiscal crisis and couldn’t afford to extend health care benefits to employees’ dependents if they weren’t married. They said the policy was legal because it applied to all employees, regardless of sexual orientation.
Gay marriage proponents counter that the policy was discriminatory because heterosexual couples may marry to obtain benefits, while gay couples can’t under state law.
‘‘The state is excluding only one group of employees from family coverage and that is lesbian and gay employees. It’s not a neutral rule to say they can get the benefits if they marry because of course they cannot marry,’’ Lambda Legal attorney Tara Borelli said in Los Angeles.
The Center for Arizona Policy, which opposes gay marriage, had supported the state’s position in court, and has vowed to fight any efforts to overturn the state’s ban on gay marriage.
The legal battle could soon be resolved by voters. Gay marriage proponents began gathering signatures Thursday to change the Arizona constitution and legalize gay marriage.
The Nevada case was originally filed on behalf of eight same-sex couples, and it argued that a 2002 state constitutional amendment prohibiting same-sex marriage violated the Equal Protection Clause of the US Constitution by denying same-sex couples in Nevada the same rights that other married couples enjoy.
A federal judge in Reno ruled last year that the amendment was not a constitutional violation and it was upheld. The plaintiffs then appealed to the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in San Francisco while the antigay marriage group requested the Supreme Court hear the appeal instead of the San Francisco court.
The Nevada Legislature recently approved a measure that would legalize gay marriage, but changing the state constitution is a lengthy process. Lawmakers must pass the same resolution in 2015 before it goes to voters in 2016. If it clears both hurdles, it would become law. If it fails at any stage, the five-year process must start over.