WASHINGTON — Representative Bob Goodlatte, the chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, said Sunday that any attempt at comprehensive immigration legislation in the Republican-controlled House cannot offer a ‘‘special pathway to citizenship’’ for those in the United States illegally.
That approach could block the Republicans’ hopes of ever winning the White House, said Nancy Pelosi, the House Democratic leader.
With last week’s passage in the Senate of a comprehensive immigration bill, the emotionally heated and politically perilous debate is now heading toward the House, where conservative incumbents could face primary challenges if they appear too lenient on the estimated 11 million illegal immigrants.
Goodlatte, a Virginia Republican, said on CNN’s “State of the Union’’ that he does not foresee a proposal that could provide a simple mechanism for immigrants here illegally to earn full standing as US citizens, as many Democrats have demanded.
Goodlatte’s committee members have been working on bills that address individual concerns but have not written a comprehensive proposal to match the Senate’s effort.
The House answer would not be ‘‘a special pathway to citizenship where people who are here unlawfully get something that people who have worked for decades to immigrate lawfully do not have,’’ he said.
A pathway to legal standing, similar to immigrants who have green cards, could be an option, he said.
That approach, Pelosi said on NBC’s “Meet the Press,’’ would bring electoral doom for Republicans looking to take back the White House after the 2016 elections. Republicans, she advised, should follow the Senate lead ‘‘if they ever want to win a presidential race.’’
In 2012, Obama won reelection with the backing of 71 percent of Hispanic voters and 73 percent of Asian-American voters. A thwarted immigration overhaul could again send those voting blocs to Democrats’ side.
‘‘We wouldn’t even be where we are right now had it not been that 70 percent of Hispanics voted for President Obama, voted Democratic in the last election,’’ Pelosi said. ‘‘That caused an epiphany in the Senate, that’s for sure. So, all of a sudden now, we have already passed comprehensive immigration reform in the Senate. That’s a big victory.’’
The Senate bill would provide a long and difficult pathway to citizenship for those living in the country illegally, as well as tough measures to secure the border. Conservatives have stood opposed to any pathway to full citizenship for those workers, and House lawmakers have urged a piecemeal approach to the issue instead of the Senate’s sweeping effort.
Illustrating the strong opposition among conservative lawmakers in the House, Representative Trey Gowdy, Republican of South Carolina, said flatly: ‘‘The Senate bill is not going to pass.’’
House Republicans have said they would consider each piece of immigration separately as they tried to navigate the politically dicey subject that could complicate not only their efforts to reclaim the White House but also thwart some incumbent GOP lawmakers’ attempt to win reelection.
House Speaker John Boehner has ruled out taking up the Senate bill and said the Republican-controlled chamber would chart its own version, with a focus on border security.
In the Democratic-controlled Senate, 14 Republicans joined all Democratic senators and independents in the 68-to-32 vote.
Senator John McCain, the 2008 Republican presidential nominee and an author of the current Senate immigration bill, nodded to the politics. ‘‘Republicans realize the implications of the future of the Republican Party in America if we don’t get this issue behind us,’’ he said on “Fox News Sunday.’’
That now falls to Boehner’s chamber, where conservatives in his party have complicated his agenda on other subjects.
Republicans and Democrats alike were watching Boehner’s next move.
‘‘I’m hopeful that we can convince our House colleagues,’’ McCain said. ‘‘I believe that Speaker Boehner has a tough job ahead.’’
If it fails, Democrats stood eager to blame Boehner and his party.
‘‘Will he allow a small group, maybe even a majority of his caucus, to control the debate and the future on this issue?’’ asked Representative Luis Gutierrez, Democrat of Illinois. ‘‘If he decides to do that, we will then end in a stalemate and an impasse once again.’’
But an immigration bill could be trouble for Boehner’s rank-and-file members.
‘‘They fear Republican primaries from the right if they vote ‘yes,’ ’’ said Senator Chuck Schumer, Democrat New York.
But Democrats were unlikely to yield on their principles, warned Schumer, who helped write the Senate bill. ‘‘No Democrat will vote for any bill without a path to citizenship,’’ Schumer said.