WASHINGTON — Hundreds of thousands of Chinese students are flocking to US colleges and universities, helping to drive the number of international students studying in America to record levels.
Similarly, all-time high numbers of American students are studying abroad, although there are far fewer and they tend to do much shorter stints than students coming to the United States.
The findings are in an analysis being released Monday that was conducted by a nonprofit group that worked with the State Department.
They say international education programs do more than advance cultural enrichment; they also are an economic boon to communities that host foreign students and to the students themselves, who improve their job competitiveness.
Foreign students contribute about $24 billion annually to the US economy, and about two-thirds of them primarily pay their own way or their families do, according to the Institute of International Education and the State Department’s Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs.
All told, 819,644 students came to the United States to study abroad in the 2012-2013 school year. That is a record high, a 7 percent increase from a year earlier and a 40 percent jump from more than a decade ago. The highest numbers were from China, India, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, and Canada.
Despite the increases, international students make up less than 4 percent of all students.
There was some slowdown in the number of students coming to the United States in the years after the Sept. 11 attacks, in part because of visa issues, but the number has since rebounded.
About 235,000 of the international students were from China, a 21 percent increase. A burgeoning middle class combined with a view that America has quality colleges and universities were factors cited as driving the demand.
By contrast, 283,332 US students studied abroad for academic credit, a 3 percent increase from a year earlier.