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South African whites earn 6 times more than blacks

JOHANNESBURG — White South Africans earn six times more than black South Africans nearly two decades after the end of apartheid and much remains to be done to reduce the disparities between rich and poor, the president said after the release of the country’s census.

‘‘These figures tell us at the bottom of the rung is the black majority who continue to be confronted by deep poverty, unemployment, and inequality, despite the progress that we have made since 1994,’’ President Jacob Zuma said of the South Africa Census 2011 released on Tuesday.

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On the positive side, people’s access to basic services, such as clean water, electricity, and garbage removal has more than doubled in the same amount of time, he said. More South African dwellings have TVs than refrigerators, and more have cellphones than electric or gas stoves, the census said.

The average annual income for black households was $7,500 in 2011, according to the census, while white households earned an average of $45,600 per year.

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