32 police officers, lawmaker hurt in north Belfast riots

Protestant parade sparked attacks fifth year in a row

Riot police watched firebomb flames during Protestant-Catholic battles that erupted Friday in north Belfast.
Riot police watched firebomb flames during Protestant-Catholic battles that erupted Friday in north Belfast.

BELFAST — Hundreds of police reinforcements from Britain were deployed on Belfast’s rubble-strewn streets Saturday after Protestant riots over a blocked march left 32 officers, a senior lawmaker, and at least eight rioters wounded.

Northern Ireland’s police commander, Chief Constable Matt Baggott, blamed leaders of the Orange Order brotherhood for inciting six hours of running street battles in two parts of Belfast that subsided early Saturday. He derided their leadership as reckless and said they had no plan for controlling the crowds they had summoned.

The anti-Catholic fraternity’s annual July 12 marches always raise tensions with the Irish Catholic minority. Over each of the previous four years, Irish republican militants in the Catholic district of Ardoyne have attacked police after an Orange parade passed by, the most bitterly divided part of the capital.


This year British authorities ordered the Orangemen to avoid the section of road nearest Ardoyne, an order that police enforced by blocking their parade route with seven armored vehicles. Orange leaders took that as a challenge and rallied thousands of supporters to the spot, where some attacked the vehicles and lines of heavily armored officers behind them.

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Baggott said the Orange leaders behaved recklessly and should not duck responsibility for the mayhem.

‘‘Having called thousands of people to protest, they had no plan and no control,’’ said Baggott, an Englishman who has commanded the Police Service of Northern Ireland since 2009.

Orange leaders insisted the blockade decision was the problem, not the alcohol-fueled fury of their own members. But they backed off their original threat to mount indefinite street protests across Northern Ireland and ordered a suspension of protests early Saturday.

The Northern Ireland Ambulance Service said it ferried eight wounded civilians from the riots, including Nigel Dodds, north Belfast’s Protestant member of British Parliament. But other rioters undoubtedly nursed their wounds away from hospitals, because those admitted for riot-related injuries can be identified and arrested by police.


Britain’s Cabinet minister for Northern Ireland, Theresa Villiers, said it was ‘‘vitally important for the Orange Order to make clear now that their protests have come to an end. It would be disastrous if we were to see a recurrence of last night’s violence over the next few days.’’

On Saturday, Baggott received 400 more officers from England, Scotland, and Wales to boost his force’s overall strength on the streets above 5,000, including more than 600 British officers already there.

This is the first time police from other parts of the United Kingdom have been deployed against Northern Ireland rioters. The approach stems from Northern Ireland’s recent peaceful hosting of the Group of Eight summit, when officers from Britain received antiriot training before the event here last month.

But the sudden need for reinforcements also suggests the Northern Ireland police, though riot-savvy and heavily armed, lack sufficient numbers to cope with the seasonal flare-ups of mob violence.

The Orange Order’s July 12 parades commemorate a 17th-century victory over Catholics. But the mass military-themed mobilizations — including 550 on Friday alone — provide a graphic annual test of whether Protestants still wield control in a land where the government and police for decades were almost exclusively Protestant.