World

Iran’s president, lawmakers spar over Cabinet

Conservatives say picks are too cozy with theWest

TEHRAN — Hard-line parliamentarians on Monday challenged the Cabinet proposed by Iran’s new president, accusing him of nominating ministers who are friendly to the West or who back ‘‘sedition’’ against the country’s clerically dominated system of government.

President Hasan Rouhani fired back at his critics, saying that he chose Western-educated ministers based on their competence and that the country is tired of ‘‘extremism.’’

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In what is expected to be three days of debate ending Wednesday, legislators will vote individually to approve or reject each minister in Rouhani’s 18-member Cabinet. Hard-liners are using the debates to launch their first major attack against Rouhani’s agenda since his election in a landslide victory, won with the backing of centrists and reformists, in June.

The new president has pledged to improve an economy ravaged by international sanctions through empowering technocrats and mending bridges with the rest of the world. He took the oath of office on Aug. 4, and sent his proposed Cabinet list to the Parliament the same day.

Rouhani’s victory gives him a strong mandate. But conservatives still dominate Parliament.

The core of Rouhani’s team includes figures whose academic pedigrees run through places such as California, Washington, and London. Rouhani himself studied in Scotland.

Lawmakers implied they were trying to bring down Iran’s clerically dominated system, linking them to the 2009 street protests, referred to by hard-liners as ‘‘sedition.’’

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‘‘A majority of the proposed Cabinet are either members of the seditious [group] or Western-educated figures,’’ hard-line lawmaker Ataollah Hakimi told the chamber. ‘‘Why are you [Rouhani] seeking to revive sedition?’’

Rouhani, however, suggested the Iranian electorate, weary of economic hardships linked to sanctions imposed on Iran over its disrupted nuclear program, has endorsed his agenda.

‘‘Society is tired of extremism. Moderation is the path the nation has welcomed,’’ he said.

Rouhani said he named Western-educated ministers because of their ability to address both the impact of sanctions, which primarily target the oil and banking sectors, and mismanagement. He also said he would try to mend Iran’s foreign relationships.

‘‘The government pursues a parallel, two-pronged path. On one hand, we will try in the arena of diplomacy . . . to overcome the existing international challenge and stop the current inappropriate trend,’’ he said during the debate. ‘‘On the other hand, we consider the existing shortage of resources as an opportunity to upgrade activities, increase economic resources, and allocate the existing resources in an optimal manner.’’

Rouhani said his government’s top priority will be to control inflation.

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