Thailand declares emergency over protests, attacks

BANGKOK — Thailand’s government declared a state of emergency in Bangkok and surrounding areas Tuesday to cope with protests that have stirred up violent attacks, adding to the country’s monthslong sense of crisis.

Labor Minister Chalerm Yubumrung said the measure will continue for 60 days beginning Wednesday, but did not announce any specific actions.

The decree greatly expands the power of security forces to issue orders and search, arrest, and detain people, with limited judicial and parliamentary oversight. The areas covered had already been placed under tougher-than-normal security under the country’s Internal Security Act.


The state of emergency follows increasing attacks at protest sites for which the government and the protesters blame each other. These include grenades thrown in daylight and drive-by shootings. On Sunday, 28 people were wounded when two grenades were tossed near one of several stages set up by protesters at key Bangkok intersections.

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Another grenade attack on a protest march Friday killed one man and wounded dozens. Nine people have been killed and hundreds hurt in violence since the protests began in early November. The protesters escalated their tactics this month with a threat to ‘‘shut down’’ the capital to prevent the government from functioning.

Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra said the government, through a newly established Center for Maintaining Peace and Order, ‘‘will take care of the situation according to international practices, which is something we have always said. Primarily, we have to use the principle of negotiation first.’’

Protest leader Suthep Thaugsuban, in speeches afterward to followers, vowed to continue demonstrating and questioned whether the declaration was justified, saying the protesters had been peaceful. ‘‘Come and get us!’’ he cried.

The protesters have been demanding Yingluck’s resignation to make way for an appointed government to implement reforms to fight corruption. Yingluck called elections for Feb. 2 but the protesters are insisting they not be held. The opposition Democrat Party, closely aligned with the protesters, is boycotting the polls. The announcement of the emergency decree said the elections would proceed as planned.


The protesters charge that Yingluck’s government is carrying on the practices of Thaksin Shinawatra, her billionaire brother who was prime minister from 2001 to 2006, by using the family fortune and state funds to cement its power. Thaksin was ousted by a military coup in 2006 after protests accused him of corruption and abuse of power. He fled into exile in 2008.

Deputy Prime Minister Surapong Tovichakchaikul said ‘‘the protesters have constantly violated the law, especially in closing down government offices and banks and harassment against civil servants to prevent them from working.’’

He added that Suthep’s group ‘‘had gone overboard, and attacks were carried out by ill-intentioned people, causing people to be injured and killed, affecting the country’s stability.’’

Human Rights Watch criticized the emergency decree for allowing excessive use of power and possible human rights violations.

There are fears the current protesters are trying to incite violence to prompt the military to intervene. The powerful army commander, General Prayuth Chan-ocha, has repeatedly said he does not want his forces drawn into the conflict, but has also refused to rule out the possibility of another coup.