BAGHDAD — A video posted online Saturday purports to show the leader of the Islamic State extremist group that has overrun much of Syria and Iraq delivering a sermon at a mosque in Iraq, in what would be a rare — if not the first — public appearance by the militant.
The video was released on at least two websites known to be used by the group, but it was not possible to independently verify whether the person shown was indeed the group’s leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. It bore the logo of al-Furqan, the group’s media arm.
Through brute force and guile, the Islamic State group has seized control of a vast swath of land straddling Syria and Iraq, and has declared the establishment of an Islamic state, or caliphate, in those territories. It proclaimed Baghdadi the leader of its state and demanded that all Muslims pledge allegiance to him.
‘‘The mujahedeen have been rewarded victory by God after years of jihad, and they were able to achieve their aim and hurried to announce the caliphate and choose the Imam,’’ he says in the video, referring to the leader.
‘‘It is a burden to accept this responsibility to be in charge of you,’’ he adds. ‘‘I am not better than you or more virtuous than you. If you see me on the right path, help me. If you see me on the wrong path, advise me and halt me. And obey me as far as I obey God.’’
He is dressed in black robes and a black turban, has dark eyes, thick eyebrows, and a full, black beard. He speaks eloquent classical Arabic, but with little emotion.
The mosque has several dozen men and boys standing for prayer, and a flag of the black Islamic State group is hoisted in the mosque. One man stands guard, with a gun holster under his arm.
At the beginning of the video, the man purported to be Baghdadi slowly climbs the pulpit in the great mosque in Iraq’s second-largest city of Mosul, which Baghdadi’s group captured last month. Then the call to prayer is made as he cleans his teeth with a miswak, a special type of stick that devout Muslims use to clean their teeth and freshen their breath.
A senior Iraqi intelligence official said that after an initial analysis, the man in the video is believed to indeed be al-Baghdadi. The official said the arrival of a large convoy in Mosul around midday Friday coincided with the blocking of cellular networks in the area. He says the cellular signal returned after the convoy departed.
The official spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to brief the media. A Mosul resident confirmed that mobile networks were down around the time of Friday prayers, and then returned a few hours later. He spoke on condition of anonymity because of fears for his safety.
Another aspect of the rule Baghdadi envisions was made clear in a series of images that emerged online late Saturday showing the destruction of at least 10 ancient shrines and Shi’ite mosques in territory his group controls.
The 21 photographs posted on a website that frequently carries official statements from the Islamic State extremist group document the destruction in Mosul and the town of Tal Afar. Some of the photos show bulldozers plowing through walls, while others show explosives demolishing the buildings in a cloud of smoke and rubble.
Residents from both Mosul and Tal Afar confirmed the destruction of the sites.
Sunni extremists consider Shi’ite Muslims heretics, and the veneration of saints apostasy.
The Islamic State group seized Mosul, Iraq’s second-largest city, in June in the opening act of its lightning offensive that sent much of the Iraqi army scattering. Shi’ite militiamen and volunteers have had to fill the void as the regular army struggles to regroup.
On Saturday, Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki of Iraq removed the chief of the army’s ground forces and the head of the federal police from their posts as part of his promised shakeup in the security forces following their near-collapse.
Military spokesman Lieutenant General Qassim al-Moussawi said Maliki signed the papers to retire Lieutenant General Ali Ghaidan, commander of the army’s ground forces, and Lieutenant General Mohsen al-Kaabi, the chief of the federal police. Moussawi said both men leave their jobs with their pensions. No replacements have been named.
Last month, Maliki retired three generals who had been deployed in Mosul and ordered legal proceedings against them. He also dismissed a brigadier general and ordered his court martial in absentia.